By Sheri Williams
Thousands of people from across Sacramento, including many in the Labor family, came together in January to march in the honor of the legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Sacramento held three marches on Jan. 21 to commemorate the national holiday, with members of Labor joining in all.
The annual 3-mile March for the Dream started at Sacramento City College, where members of the Sacramento Central Labor Council, SEIU and other unions joined in with marchers headed to the downtown convention center.
“For Labor, today is about honoring Dr. King’s legacy as a champion of working people,” said Fabrizio Sasso, head of the SCLC. “Now more than ever, his spirit of integrity, fortitude and decency is what our country needs.”
Another unofficial MLK march was led by the Sacramento chapter of Black Lives Matter, and began on Alhambra Blvd.
A third march in North Sacramento was held by the Roberts Family Development Center and led marchers through Del Paso Heights after rallying at Grant High.
Marchers were also joined by many legislators, including Sacramento Mayor Darrell Steinberg, Supervisor Phil Serna and Senator Richard Pan.
“Today we marched to honor the message of Martin Luther King, Jr., and then we followed up with action to help carry out his vision of equality for children in all of our communities.” Steinberg said on Facebook.
Later that day, Steinberg announced that the city would use $350,000 to create educational activities for teens at about 10 locations around Sacramento every Friday night.
“Dr. King talked about the ‘fierce urgency of now’ in terms of securing civil rights,” Mayor Steinberg said. “The same urgency faces us as a city when it comes to our young people, and especially our young people of color.”
In Washington, D.C., hundreds of labor and social justice activists descended on the nation’s capital for the 2019 AFL-CIO Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Civil and Human Rights Conference. AFL-CIO President Richard Trumka kicked off the gathering by telling participants that this is our moment for action: “We’re living in the fierce urgency of now. This is a time to take risks. This is a time to get uncomfortable. That’s when real progress is made.”
Beginning in 1960, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and then-President George Meany of the AFL-CIO began a relationship that would help bring the labor and civil rights movements together with a combined focus on social and economic justice, explained labor writer Kenneth Quinnell on the AFL-CIO blog.
Quinnell continued: Meany was an outspoken defender of individual freedom, and in March 1960, he emphasized the crucial link between the union and the civil rights movements. He told an AFL-CIO gathering, “What we want for ourselves, we want for all humanity.” Meany met with King to privately discuss how they could work together. King proposed that the AFL-CIO invest pension assets in housing, to help lessen economic inequality. The AFL-CIO then established the Investment Department in August 1960 to guide union pension funds to be socially responsible investors.
The next year, King spoke to the AFL-CIO Executive Council, comparing what labor had achieved to what the civil rights movement wanted to accomplish: “We are confronted by powerful forces telling us to rely on the good will and understanding of those who profit by exploiting us. They resent our will to organize. They are shocked that active organizations, sit-ins, civil disobedience, and protests are becoming every day tools just as strikes, demonstrations, and union organizations became yours to insure that bargaining power genuinely existed on both sides of the table.” At the AFL-CIO Constitutional Convention later that year, Meany made civil rights a prominent item on the agenda, and King spoke to the delegates about uniting the two movements through a common agenda, noting that African Americans are “almost entirely a working people.”
Not only did the AFL-CIO provide much-needed capital to the civil rights movement, but numerous affiliates did as well. Several combined to give more than $100,000 to King’s Southern Christian Leadership Conference. The UAW directly funded voter registration drives in predominantly African American areas throughout the South and paid bail money for jailed protesters. Meany and the AFL-CIO also used their considerable political influence in helping to shape the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965.
Union activists were a key part of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom as well. The Industrial Union Department of the AFL-CIO endorsed the march, as did 11 international unions and several state and local labor councils. A. Philip Randolph, then-president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, was a key organizer of the event. UAW President Walter Reuther was a speaker at the march, condemning the fact that African Americans were treated as second-class economic citizens.
King’s final act in pursuit of social and economic justice was in support of the sanitation strike in Memphis, Tennessee. After his death, then-President Lyndon B. Johnson sent the undersecretary of labor to settle the strike, and the city acceded to the demands of the working people, leading to the creation of AFSCME Local 1733, which still represents sanitation workers in Memphis.
In 1964, Meany sent a letter to all AFL-CIO affiliates outlining a new pathway that would directly support housing construction and homeownership. In 1965, the Investment Department helped establish the Mortgage Investment Trust, which was the formal embodiment of the socially responsible investment plan and gave a boost to badly needed affordable housing construction. In 1984, the Mortgage Investment Trust was replaced by the AFL-CIO Housing Investment Trust, one of the first socially responsible investment funds in the United States. Since it was created, the HIT has grown to more than $4.5 billion in net assets and has helped finance more than 100,000 affordable housing units and helped create tens of thousands of union jobs.
The partnership between civil rights and labor launched by King and Meany has helped the country make great strides in the intervening years, and the partnership continues.